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《Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease》 5:595-605 (2013)

X-linked intellectual disability gene CUL4B targets Jab1/CSN5 for degradation and regulates bone morphogenetic protein signaling

He, Fengjuan; Lu, Defen; Jiang, Baichun; Wang, Yan; Liu, Qiao; Liu, Qiji; Shao, Changshun; Li, Xi; Gong, Yaoqin

Abstract:

Cullin 4B (CUL4B) is a scaffold protein involved in the assembly of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (E3) complexes. Contemporary reports have identified multiple mutations of CUL4B gene as being causally associated with X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). Identifying the specific protein substrates will help to better understand the physiological functions of CUL4B. The current study identified Jun activation domain-binding protein (Jab1/CSN5) in the COP9 signalosome (CSN) complex as a novel proteolytic target for the CUL4B ubiquitin ligase complex. The impaired degradation of Jab1was observed in cells after RNAi-mediated CUL4B depletion. Integrity of DDB1-CUL4B-ROC1was further demonstrated to be indispensable for the degradation of Jab1. In addition, the degradation of Jab1 is independent of CUL4A, a cullin family member closely related to CUL4B. In vitro and in vivo ubiquitination assays revealed that CUL4B promoted the polyubiquitination of Jab1. Interestingly, CUL4B-silenced cells were shown to exhibit abnormal upregulation of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling. Furthermore, in vivo studies of embryonic fibroblasts in Cul4b-deficient mice demonstrated Jab1 accumulation and increased activation of the BMP signaling pathway. Together, the current findings demonstrate the CUL4B E3 ubiquitin ligase plays a key role in targeting Jab1 for degradation, potentially revealing a previously undocumented mechanism for regulation of the BMP signaling pathway involved with the CUL4B-based E3 complex. This observation may provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying CUL4B-associated XLID pathogenesis.